Tuesday, January 26, 2010

Installing Go: go simple!

So finally I decided to run a blog. And yes, you're reading my first blog post ever!

This afternoon I decided to give a whirl to Go Programming Language. I don't know yet so much about it but I'm intrigued by some concepts like goroutines and efficient GC. Moreover, I was amazed by the very first impact with the language: the building process is foolproof (at least on my Ubuntu box) so I decided to document the process as a tribute to this neatness. It's an example of how things should be done in computer programming. Moreover, it's a good starting point for my first blog post ever, isn't it?

Assuming you're on a debian based system you need - first of all - to install the toolchain to building the language:

sudo apt-get install bison gcc libc6-dev ed gawk make

And, if you decide to clone the mercurial repository, you need mercurial of course!

sudo apt-get install mercurial

Now that the prerequisites are satisfied let's configure our build. Here's the neatness of the whole process. You setup a bunch of environment variables and you're done! So for example, assuming that we wish to:
  • Clone Go repository in $HOME/go

  • Build Go for a linux distribution

  • Build Go for a i386 architecture
all we need is to export the following variables:
export GOROOT=$HOME/go
export GOARCH=386
export GOOS=linux
And we can save them in .bashrc if we want a persistent configuration.

The installation process assumes that $HOME/bin folder exists and it places binary files in it. Let's meet this last prerequisite:
mkdir $HOME/bin
You can change binaries' folder setting the $GOBIN variable. In order to run the executables, don't forget to update your $PATH variable appending $HOME/bin.
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin
Well, now let's go cloning the repo and building the whole stuff:
hg clone -r release https://go.googlecode.com/hg/ $GOROOT
cd go/src
At this point the installation process assumes that $HOME/bin folder exists and it places binary files in it (you can change folder name setting the $GOBIN variable). And finally let's test our build starting the compiler:
$ 8g
-I DIR search for packages in DIR
-d print declarations
-e no limit on number of errors printed
-f print stack frame structure
-h panic on an error
-o file specify output file
-S print the assembly language
-w print the parse tree after typing
-x print lex tokens
And that's all, no autogen.sh, no configure scripts to run! And is even more beautiful because we are actually cross-compiling! That is, we could produce builds for any other supported OS/ARCHs by simply changing the values of the environment variables above! Can't wait to test on my shining new beagleboard when it will arrive! :D

For further readings see:


  1. Note: At the time of writing the release.2010-01-27 is affected by this issue


    To fix it do

    cd $GOROOT/src
    hg pull -u

  2. thanks for your post! just 5 minutes to have a full configured system